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ASSESSMENT/EVALUATION
Year : 2004  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 17-26

Use of Video-Projected Structured Clinical Examination (ViPSCE) Instead of the Traditional Oral (Viva) Examination in the Assessment of Final Year Medical Students


Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Alazhari University, Khartoum, Sudan

Correspondence Address:
Gamal H El Shallaly
Consultant General Surgeon, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Alazhari University, P.O. Box 2910 Khartoum
Sudan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


Context & Background: Assessment of medical students using the traditional oral (viva) system has been marred by being highly subjective, non-structured, and biased. The use of the objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) would circumvent these disadvantages. The OSCE is, however, costly and time-consuming particularly if used for assessment of large numbers of students. The need for another form of examination that enjoys the advantages of the OSCE while avoiding its disadvantages in the face of limited resources has been the inspiration behind this innovative approach. Objectives: (1) To identify the characteristics of the new Video-Projected Structured Clinical Examination (ViPSCE). (2) To compare the acceptability of ViPSCE and OSCE by students and tutors. (3) To compare the time-effectiveness of ViPSCE and OSCE. Methods: We used a slide video projection to assess the surgical knowledge, problem solving and management abilities of 112 final year medical students at Alazhari University, Khartoum, Sudan. Students completed evaluation forms at the end of the examination. Results: The administration of the ViPSCE was smooth and straightforward. Feedback of the students showed that they preferred the ViPSCE to both traditional oral (viva) examination and OSCE. The examination time was 2 hours using video projection compared to the 6 hours that it used to take a class of 112 students to complete a classical OSCE. Conclusion: The ViPSCE is a better replacement for the traditional oral exam. It is much less time- consuming than traditional OSCE.


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