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Year : 2001  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 207-220

Working with Our Communities: Moving from Service to Scholarship in the Health Professions

Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwauk ee, Wisconsin, USA

Correspondence Address:
Cheryl A Maurana
Medical College of Wisconsin , Department of Family and Community Medicine, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, PO Box 26509, Milwaukee,WI 53226-0509
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Context: A s faculty at health professionals schools have become increasingly engaged with their communities in partnerships to improve health, new questions have arisen about faculty rewards for such activities. To sustain the community work of their faculty, institutions need to reconceptualize faculty rewards, promotion, and tenure that are relevant to community activities. Historical perspective: Scholarship has evolved since the 17th century from a focus on character-building to the practical needs of the nation to an emphasis on research. In 1990, Boyer proposed four interrelated dimensions of scholarship: ( 1 ) discovery; ( 2 ) integration; ( 3 ) application; and ( 4 ) teaching. The challenge became the development of criteria and innovative and creative ways to assess community scholarship. Current models for community scholarship: This paper reviews four evidence-based models to document and evaluate scholarly activities that are applicable to community scholarship. Proposed model for community scholarship: We propose a new model for community scholarship that focuses on both processes and outcomes, crosses the boundaries of teaching, research, and service, and reshapes and integrates them through community partnership. We hope this model will generate national discussion about community scholarship and provide thought-provoking information that will move the idea of community scholarship to its next stage of development.

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