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TUFH 40TH ANNIVERSARY SPECIAL PAPERS: PRACTICAL ADVICE PAPER
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 146-149

An innovative educational strategy to addressing cultural competence in healthcare for quilombola women


1 Santos Dumont Institute, Macaíba-RN; Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal-RN, Brazil
2 Santos Dumont Institute, Macaíba-RN, Natal-RN, Brazil
3 Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal-RN, Brazil
4 Multicampi School of Medical Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Caicó-RN, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Reginaldo Antonio de Oliveira Freitas-Junior
Centro de Educação e Pesquisa em Saúde Anita Garibaldi, Rodovia RN 160, no 2010, Distrito Jundiaí, Macaíba-RN
Brazil
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/efh.EfH_255_19

Background: The Quilombola community is made up of descendants of enslaved Africans. These people represent an ethnic minority group within the Brazilian Black population with worse health indicators including higher rates of maternal mortality. Context: The Brazilian National Guidelines for education of health professionals state that cultural competence and education of ethnic-racial relations need to be reinforced. Activities: An action research initiative was developed with the main goal of contributing to the development of cultural competence, interprofessional education, and collaborative work as well as improving the maternal and child indicators of the Quilombola community. An elective module for undergraduate health courses with the subject “Cultural Competence in Health Care for Quilombola Women” was implemented. Data on health-related needs identification, students' perceptions about interactions with the community, and competencies necessary to work with the Quilombola community were considered. Outcomes: Our educational strategy reinforces the importance of considering the processes that influence the health care of this population. The reflective capacity and communication skills emerged as the most important attitudinal and psychomotor components, respectively. Future Directions: Sustainability comes from partnerships established between the Quilombola community and the university to institutionalize educational and research strategies. This project contributes to reducing health inequities and deconstructing racism in the training of future health professionals. Conclusions: The creation of links, the building of trust between users and health staff, and the ability to reflect, with emphasis on communication, were shown as the main components of culturally competent behavior in maternal health care in the studied Quilombola population.


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