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BRIEF COMMUNICATION
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 103-105

Community oriented interprofessional health education in Mozambique: One student/one family program


1 Vice Chancellor, Lúrio University, Nampula, Mozambique
2 Research Director, Lúrio University, Nampula, Mozambique

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Tito H. Fernandes
Lurio University, R. 4250, Km 2.3, Nampula
Mozambique
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1357-6283.134362

Background: In the remote northern region of Mozambique the ratio of doctors to patients is 1:50,000. In 2007, Lúrio University initiated an innovative, "One Student/One Family" program of teaching and learning for health professions students, to complement their traditional core curriculum. All students of each of the school's six health degree programs complete a curriculum in "Family and Community Health" in each year of their training. Methods: Groups of six students from six different health professions training programs make weekly visits to communities, where each student is allocated to a family. Students learn from their families about community life and health issues, within a community where 80% of the population still lacks access to modern health care and rely on indigenous doctors and traditional remedies. In turn, students transmit information to families about modern health care and report to the faculty any major health problems they find. The educational/experiential approach is interprofessional and community-oriented. Results: The main perceived advantages of the program are that it is applied and problem-based learning for students, while simultaneously providing needed healthcare services to the community. The major disadvantages include the complexity of coordinating multidisciplinary groups, the time and distance required of students in traveling to communities, and interpretation of multiple reports with variable data. Discussion: This community-oriented education program involving students from six disciplines uses nontraditional teaching/learning methods is the basis of the ex libris of Lúrio University.


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