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ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 335

Process and Outcome Evaluation of a Diabetes Prevention Education Program for Community Healthcare Workers in Thailand


1 University of Waterloo, Department of Health Studies and Gerontology, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
2 Institute of Nutrition, Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand

Correspondence Address:
K Sranacharoenpong
niversity of Waterloo, Department of Health Studies and Gerontology - 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1
Canada
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 20029769

Objective: To describe the development, process and outcome evaluation of a culturally tailored diabetes prevention education program for community healthcare workers (CHCWs) in Thailand. Methods: A tailored diabetes prevention education program was designed based on formative research and implemented with 35 CHCWs in semi-urban areas in Chiang Mai province, Thailand. Modules were delivered over eight group classes and eight self-directed E-learning sessions (www.FitThai.org). The program incorporated problem-based learning, discussion, reflection, community-based application, self-evaluation and on-line support. The frequency that students accessed on-line materials, including videotaped lectures, readings, monthly newsletters and community resources, was documented. Participant satisfaction was assessed through three questionnaires. Knowledge was assessed through pre-post testing. Results: Three-quarters of participants attended all eight classes and no participant attended fewer than six. On-line support and materials were accessed 3 to 38 times (median 13). Participants reported that program information and activities were fun, useful, culturally-relevant and applicable to diabetes prevention in their specific communities. Participants also appreciated the innovative technology support for their work. Comfort with E-learning varied among participants. Scores on pre-post knowledge test increased from a mean (sd) of 56.5% (6.26) to 75.5% (6.01) (p < .001). Conclusions: An innovative diabetes prevention education program was developed for CHCWs in Thailand. Interactive classroom modules and self-directed E-learning were generally well-received and supported better knowledge scores. Ongoing access to web-based materials and expert support may help sustain learning.


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